There are a number of styles of Theatre ranging from Theatre of cruelty to Commedia dell’Arte. There are three different styles in which the three directors wanted to go for. .
The first style is absurdism.
Theatre of the absurd is believed to be originated in the 1940’s and evolved up until the 1960’s.
Here is a quote that I have found that states what Theatre of the absurd is:
A form of drama that emphasizes the absurdity of human existence by employing disjointed, repetitious, and meaningless dialogue, purposeless and confusing situations, and plots that lack realistic or logical development.
This is stating that Absurd Theatre is hard to follow as it has no plot. Scenes may be repeated. Personally, I feel that this is to keep some form of consistency during the performance. I personally feel that this form has a slight sense of surrealism, as it states in the (Posted, 2013) (History.com, no date) quote, it lacks the realistic side of the performance, and has no development with logic.
The idea of Theatre of the Absurd is that the play will dictate the structure of the performance. The language that is used to generally dislocated, full of cliches and puns, which, as I mentioned earlier is repeated throughout the play. This style of Theatre declined in mid 1960’s
Referring to Nicola Mezza’s presentation on prezi, and Britannica online, I have been able to find out and discuss what poor Theatre is and know why it is used.
Poor Theatre began with the Polish playwright Jerzy Grotowski in the 1960’s. He believed that Theatre would never be able to compete with media, so it should never attempt to. Grotowski also wanted the performers and spectators to have a relationship during the performance, as he believed it would be more intimate for all parties. The aim of poor Theatre is to eliminate the barrier between audience and performers, thus creating communication between the two. The influences that caused this movement in Theatre was, paratheatre and Theatre of transformation.
In this time, spaces dedicated for Theatre were changed for deserted rooms and buildings. The performers of poor Theatre are able to communicate through sound and movement. Poor Theatre is aimed to use the simplest form of staging, lighting, costumes and special effects. Symbolism was the main form of poor Theatre.
- Image citation:
- ([CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.])
- (Theatre links, 2016)
I am aware that I spoke of the postmodernist era in the period of the production, however it is the style which I am now going to be talking about. It is believed that postmodernist Theatre is superseded of modernism. It challenges accepted views on the world. The narrative is generally broken and paradoxical.
Postmodern plays would use technology as scenery and use backdrops in the history of times that are being performed which would give the audience a better understanding. Also some smaller Theatres would perform outside. The audience would participate with performers creating an experience together. The majority of the issues tackled in postmodern Theatre are created from history, culture and social issues.It is believed that postmodern Theatre rejects chronological linearity, meaning that what happens at the beginning of a story, is not what essentially happens on stage.
- Posted (2013) Stage mom musings. Available at: http://stagemommusings.com (Accessed: 27 May 2016)
- History.com (no date) Phoenix theater: An eccentric history. Available at: http://phoenixtheaterhistory.com (Accessed: 27 May 2016)
- (History.com, no date)
- The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (2014) ‘Theatre of the absurd’, in Encyclopædia Britannica. Available at: http://www.britannica.com/art/Theatre-of-the-Absurd (Accessed: 28 May 2016).
- Theatre, P. (2016) Poor theatre – drama online. Available at: http://www.dramaonlinelibrary.com/genres/poor-theatre-iid-21665 (Accessed: 28 May 2016)
- (No Date) Available at: losangeles.bitter-lemons.com (Accessed: 28 May 2016)
- Theatre links (2016) Available at: http://www.theatrelinks.com (Accessed: 28 May 2016
- The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (2016) ‘Acting | theatrical arts’, in Encyclopædia Britannica. Available at: http://www.britannica.com/art/acting#ref404259 (Accessed: 28 May 2016
- Terms, P.I. (2016) Poor theatre. Available at: https://prezi.com/cypr97ziadvm/poor-theatre/ (Accessed: 28 May 2016)
- Terms, P.I. (2016) Postmodern theatre. Available at: https://prezi.com/yuonvvgbk0aa/postmodern-theatre/ (Accessed: 29 May 2016)
- Baylor® (2016) A nationally ranked Christian University, undergraduate & graduate research colleges universities schools in Texas. Available at: http://www.baylor.edu (Accessed: 29 May 2016)
- RMB city Blogs (no date) Available at: http://rmbcity.com (Accessed: 29 May 2016)
- MAIA Creatives (2016) Available at: http://maiacreatives.co.uk (Accessed: 29 May 2016)