Police Brutality Research

For this part of my lighting design, I’m going to be looking at police brutality, see any performances with it in and state what I have taken from them to inspire me with my design.


police-1Here we have South African State Theatre doing a piece on police brutality. I feel this image suits the riot scene, and has the same colour scheme as what me and the director discussed. As you can see, there is minimal general coverage. I like this idea as it shows the sinister side of the people who we feel keep us safe. It looks cruel and distressing, as you can barely see their features which I feel is a huge enhancement to the atmosphere of the piece.

police-2Here we have the same production but at a different stage and angle. For me, the fogger creates the atmosphere as it can resemble smoke grenades. Although there is no strobe within this picture, the use of the open white luminaire gives me a sense of what the strobes would look like alongside the red leds.


police-3With this, I was looking at the different types of gobo’s there is for prison bars and the positioning to find where they could best be of use. I feel that this one is possibly too big for the performance which was going to take place, however, it would be possible to make it smaller if I was going to use one this size.



police-4Personally, I feel that this gobo looks medieval and this is not the era we are going for. The bars are too small and looks as though only one half is in focus, although this could be due to the designer or it could have just gone out of focus.


Police-5.jpgI originally had the idea of texturing a piece of the set with the gobo, but soon found out that was impossible, as the performer would probably be in dead space for that location. However, it could have looked effective with half his face showing so people can clearly see that he is a criminal.


Looking at the gobo on the floor looks more effective in my opinion. The performer can stand in the centre and act as though he is pulling on the bars. I think that the texture on the floor and colouring creates a sense of harmony as they all fit in well with each other. I shall take parts of this idea and endeavor to confidently create my own piece around the image provided.

police 6.jpg


Here, I have researched the use of colour against followspots. As you can see they clearly complement each other in a way that doesn’t wash out the other colour. The only issue I have with this piece is that the followspot is too defined. Personally I would have it diffused as it looks too harsh on the performers and the shadows it is giving.

police 7.jpg

(Blue led with followspot on stage, no date)

Here is another followspot against colour. I generally do not like this at I feel that they clash with each other. Again the spot is too harsh although I like the fact that shadows produced


(Alibaba manufacturer directory – suppliers, manufacturers, exporters & importers, no date)

are not too vivid. The colour on the other hand hurts my eyes, and in a performance you would like the audience to enjoy the production rather than straining their eyes.


Dissertation Essay Plan

Naomi Gibson – GIB14235120
Dissertation Essay Plan
Title: For the beginning start of my dissertation, I will start with my question
“How does hue in lighting influence the hues on set?”
The issues I would like to discuss is as follows:
Psychology and biology of hues
Colour theory In lighting and paint
Primary and Secondary research
Rational: Firstly, I need to look at theory and biology of colour. I will look at how we see colours through rods and cones.
This is so I can understand the psychology of hues and find out why certain colours react to unambiguous receptors.
As a result of this, I will be able to understand how colour is seen and how we can manipulate colour.
For the next chapter of my dissertation, I will look at colour mixing with light. This will help me understand
how gels work. This leads into additive and subtractive colour mixing. Subtractive mixing is where multiple
primary or one secondary colour gel are placed in front of the light source. Additive lighting is where you have
more than one lantern in different colours.
For the next part, I will look at different statements and questions:
Why can lighting have an adverse effect on pigments?
Can it be overcome?
How do you rectify the issues?
There are many more questions that I intend to answer.

As part of primary research, I will look at having a group of people in a dark room, and playing with a number of lanterns with filters and LED’s and see the different hues they can pick
out. This will help with the theory of colour and to understand how colour mixing works. I would like to make a board with different
colours and place coloured lighting on it and see the colours created. This will help me to understand how paint can change colour. Also I would like to know more about the chroma
of colour, so I will create another board to show saturation. This will help me understand the purity of hues and how they change. I would like to speak to psychology and
biology departments at Hull College, in order to fully understand the aspects behind perception of colour and how we see it.
For secondary research, I will read a number of textbooks from graphic design, fine art and technical theatre. This will give me an insight into theorists minds.
What I am wanting to gain is more knowledge both academically and personally, as colour, lighting and set are areas I would like to work in.

Chapter 1: Psychology and Biology of hues
Topic Point Source Example Link
Perception of hues
Biology of hues
In this section, I would like to idnentify that the reason we know
a colour is a colour because that is what we have been taught
from when we were children.
I next would like to discuss how colour is seen through our cones
and rods and explain why certain hues react to unambiguos hues.
Pschology department at Hull College

Colour Theory: An essential guide to
color-from basic principles to practical
Patti Mollica

The Human Body
Speedy Publishing

This will link to my opening
question and will give
important information required
in order to make sense of
further paragraphs.
Chapter 2: Colour Theory
Topic Point Source Example Link
Theory of lighting
Theory of Paint
Colour Wheel
Additive and Subtractive mixing
With this chapter, I will be able to identify the difference in the theory of lighting and paint. It will show the
contrast within each one,
I will be able to discuss and explain the difference of a colour wheel in lighting and paint, and why it will
be needed within this industry.
Additive and subtractive mixing will be vital in this chapter as it will show how we get from one hue to
Reid, F. (2001) The stage lighting
handbook. 6th edn. New York: Taylor
& Francis
Ambrose, Ambrose, G. and Harris, P.
(2005) Basics design: Colour: N.
The sensation produced by rays of light
of different wavelengths, a particular
variety of this. Lausanne: AVA
Publishing SA
This will link into my next
chapter, as I will be showing
my own primary research on
mixing hues with lighting and
paint. This shall be documented
in a professional manner.
Chapter 3: Statments and Questions
Topic Point Source Example Link
What statements can be proven?
Can my questions be answered?
Why can lighting have an adverse effect on pigments?
Can it be overcome?
How do you rectify the issues?
These questions and statements I endeavour to ask in order to fulfil
my dissertation question.
This shall link in with my question
as at this point I will be trying to
prove how lighting can have a
big impact on set.
Chapter 4: Primary and Secondary research:
Topic Point Source Example Link
Primary Research of colour
Quantative survey of people in a dark room and seeing what colours
they can see,
Create a board with different hues and types of paint, then shine a LED
on them to see whether or not they change colour.
Create a board for saturation of chroma which will tell more about
the purity of a hue.
Speak with pyschologists tutors at Hull College
Same as topic Same as topic This shall link in with all the
chapters I have discussed as I
will be going through each part
and tear apart what I have
previously mentioned.
Secondary Research: See what other theorists have reseached in textbooks and try to
validate their conclusions.
Conclusion: I am not able to come to any conclusion at the present time, as I have not been able to address any of the research as of yet.
Bibliography: Mollica, P. (2012) Color theory: An essential guide to color – from basic principles to practical applications. Irvine, CA: Walter Foster Publishing
Publishing, S.S. and Publishing, C.-D. (2005) The human body. United States: Frank Schaffer Publications
Reid, F. (2001) The stage lighting handbook. 6th edn. New York: Taylor & Francis
Ambrose, Ambrose, G. and Harris, P. (2005) Basics design: Colour: N. The sensation produced by rays of light of different wavelengths, a particular variety of this. Lausanne: AVA Publishing SA
Problems: I could run into a number of problems during this dissertation. One being that a tutor may not want to talk to me as they could be too busy.
I may not be granted access to some resources which may halt a number of my topics.